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History Of Patiala City


Patiala a Royal city, the land of Maharajas is famous for its ‘peg’, ‘pagri’, ‘dresses’, ‘jutti’, ‘Patiala sahi salwar’, Reshmi naale , Food like ‘Makki de roti’ and ‘Saraason da saag’, folk songs , dances like Gidha and Bhangra , its traditions and culture.

In 1714 A.D Baba Ala Singh assumed its leadership. Patiala formerly known as ‘Ala De Patti’ because Baba Ala Singh was the founder of this place. In 1763 Baba Ala Singh laid the foundation of “Quila Mubarak”. The city is built around the Qila Mubarak . The area of district Patiala is known as “Malwa”.
“Maharaja Bhupindra” Singh (1900-1930) had given Patiala a prominent place in politics and in the field of sports. Big architectural designs were constructed during his time. “Yadwindra Singh” son of Maharaja Bhupindra Singh, came towards the front to sign the instrument of accession Hindus of Sirhind settle first at Patiala. They opened their business outside the”Darshni Gate”. The lower cast got place in Patiala city known as “Chur Majris”. The other localities were of Dancing Girls. Dharampura Bazar abundant by ruling Elite. Under the rule of Maharaja Narender Singh (1845-1862) has given embarkation round a fortified place and ten gates around Patiala were constructed.

Now a days some of the gates have been destroyed to make easy flow of traffic. Inside these walls there are mandis and markets of the cost suitable for purchasing of luxury and traditional goods. Patiala is in forefront from the education. In the country, it was the first town who have degree college that is the ”Mohindra college” (1870). Patiala gharana is one of the most prominent gharanas of vocal Hindustani Classical Music . It has the number of musicians, they came to Patiala after after the brake up into pieces of Mughal court at delhi in 18th century. “Ustad Ali Baksh”, his son “Ustad Akhtar Hussain” Khan and “Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan” got worldwide fame and glory. It continues through the north zone culture center, settle on permanent basis at Patiala.

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